Photo Facial is the skin treatment of facial skin blemishes using the properties of light. Among the several uses of this procedure, the most common and popular are stimulation of facial collagen or in the treatment of acne and similar serious conditions with which one can superficially battle ageing and lighten the blemishes.
Types of Photofacials
Intense Pulse Light (IPL) and light emitting diode (LED). The names refer to the nature of the light being used in the procedure.
IPL photofacials, also known as Pulsed Light Therapy, involve a handheld device that emits pulses of broad spectrum light through direct contact with the skin. It acts on the deeper layers of skin, making it ideal for treating broken capillaries, sun damage, and other impurities.
LED photofacials involve handheld devices or lamps that emit various colors of LED light. The effects of this procedure are believed to be influenced by the color of the light. LED photofacials act on the epidermis, making the procedure the preferred photofacial option for treating surface blemishes like acne.
What are photofacials used for?
- Broken capillaries (blood vessels)
- Sun damage (sun spots)
- Spider veins
- Fine lines
IPL photofacials are typically more effective at treating the above conditions, while LED photo facials are more effective for acne.
How do photofacials work?
Both IPL and LED photofacials involve light being absorbed into the skin. The more intense nature of the IPL photofacial’s light pulses allows this light to be absorbed more deeply.
IPL photofacial light is soaked up by the hemoglobin (red blood cells) and melanin (pigmentation) in the skin, intentionally damaging these areas. The damaged melanin breaks up and is absorbed by the skin, decreasing its appearance on the skin’s surface. The damaged hemoglobin stimulates blood flow, causing the melanin to be absorbed more efficiently.
LED photofacials work differently depending on the light color in question. Green light works similarly to IPL photofacials, breaking up melanin for easier absorption. Other colors, like the aforementioned blue and red light, act on different aspects of the skin.
Benefits of Photo Facial
Skin treatment through photofacials provides a host of benefits, making it a popular anti-ageing procedure.
- It stimulates collagen production.
- Promotes cellular activity.
- Stimulation of fibroblasts helps to produce collagen that freshens the appearance of skin to look younger.
- Collagen boost has a positive effect on the fine lines and removes wrinkles.